A few years ago, I started to write software which primary audience is going to be blind musicians. I did a small presentation of the UI at DebConf15.
Most of the functionality is in a compiler-alike backend. But eventually, I wanted to create a user interface to improve the interactive experience.
So, the problem again: which toolkit to choose which would be accessible on most platforms? Last time I needed to solve a similar problem, I used Java/Swing. This has its problems, but it actually works on Windows, Linux and (supposedly) Mac. This time around, my implementation language is C++, so Swing didn’t look that interesting. It appears there is not much that fullfils these requirements. Qt looked like it could. But since I had my bad experiences already with Qt claiming accessibility they really never implemented, I was at least a bit cautious. Around 10 years ago, when Qt 4 was released, I found that the documentation claimed that Qt4 was accessible on Linux, but it really never was until a very late 4.x release. This information was a blatant lie, trying to lure uninformed programmers into using Qt, much to the disservice of their disabled users. If you ask a random blind Windows user who knows a bit about toolkits, they will readily tell you that they hate every app written in Qt.
With this knowledge, and the spirit of “We can change the world” I wrote a private mail to the person responsible for maintaining Qt accessibility. I explained to them that I am about to choose Qt as the UI platform for my program, and that my primary audience is users that rely on Accessibility. I also explained that cross-platform support (esp. good support on Windows) is a necessary requirement for my project. I basically got a nice marketing speak answer back, but when I read it back then, I didn’t fully realize that just yet. The tone basicallly: “No problem. Qt works on Linux, Mac and Windows, and if you find any problems, just report them to us and we are going to fix them.” Well, I was aware that I am not a paying customer of Qt Company, so the promise above is probbably a bit vague (I thought), but still, it sounded quite encouraging.
So off I went, and started to learn enough Qt to implement the simple user interface I wanted. First tests on Linux seemed to work, that is nice. After a while, I started to test on Windows. And BANG, of course, there is a “hidden” problem. The most wide-spread (commercial) screen reader used by most blind people somehow does not see the content of text entry widgets. This was and still is a major problem for my project. I have a number of text entry fields in my UI. Actually, the main part of the UI is a simple editor, so you might see the problem already.
So some more testing was done, just to realize that yes, text entry fields indeed do not work with the most widely used screen reader on Windows. While other screen readers seemed to work (NVDA) it is simply not feasable to ask my future users to switch to a different screen reader just for a single program. So I either needed to get JAWS fixed, or drop Qt.
Well, after a lot of testing, I ended up submitting a bug to the Qt tracker. That was a little over a year ago. The turnaround time of private mail was definitely faster.
And now I get a reply to my bug explaining that JAWS was never a priority, still is not, and that my problem will probably go away after a rewrite which has no deadline yet.
Why did I expect this already?
At least now I know why no blind users wants to have any Qt on their machines.
If you want to write cross-platform accessible software: You definitely should not use Qt. And no other Free Software toolkit for that matter, because they basically all dont give a shit about accessibility on non-Linux platforms. Yes, GTK has a Windows port, but that isn’t accessible at all. Yes, wxWindows has a Windows port, but that has problems with, guess what, text entry fields (at least last time I checked).
Free Software is NOT about Accessibility or equality. I see evidence for that claim since more then 15 years now. It is about coolness, self-staging, scratch-your-own-itchness and things like that. When Debian released Jessie, I was told that something like Accessibility is not important enough to delay the release. If GNOME just broke all the help system by switching to not-yet-accessible webkit, that is just bad luck, I was told. But it is outside of the abilities of package maintainers to ensure that what we ship is accessible.
I hereby officially give up. And I admit my own stupidity. Sorry for claiming Free Software would be a good thing for the world. It is definitely not for my kin. If Free Software ever takes over, the blind will be unable to use their computers.
Don’t get me wrong. I love my command-line. But as the well-known saying goes: “Free Software will be ready for the desktop user, perhaps, next year?”
The scratch-your-own-itch philosophy simply doesn’t work together with a broad list of user requirements. If you want to support users with disabilities, you probably should not rely on hippie coders right now.
I repeat: If you want to write compliant software, that would be also useable to people with disabilities, you can not use Qt. For now, you will need to write a native UI for every platform you want to support. Oh, and do not believe Qt Company marketing texts, your users will suffer if you do.